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November 9, 1909

DOCTORS' VISITS TO
SCHOOLS BEGIN TODAY.

Especial Attention Will Be Given
to Throat and Eye Diseases and
Examinations Will Be Made
in Teacher's Presence.

Eight doctors will visit the public schools today to arrange with the principals suitable hours for the medical examination of pupils, the long-cherished project of Dr. W. S. Wheeler, health commissioner. Dr. Wheeler hopes to have the system in perfect working order by the end of the week.

In his office at Twelfth street and Grand avenue last night, Dr. Wheeler read his instructions to his assistants and furnished each with blanks and other material. The schools are to be visited at least three days a week and those in the North End and river wards every day.

TO HAVE SPECIAL ROOM.

The examiners are to make arrangements with the principal for a room where the pupils can be examined. Not all the pupils in each school are to be brought before the physician. Those who are suspected of having contagious diseases or who have been absent from school are to be called into the room and placed in charge of the medical examiner.

If it is found that the pupil is suffering from a contagious disease, he is at once sent home by the teacher, and can not return until he has again been examined by the physician, and his condition pronounced improved.

Especial attention will be paid to the diseases of the eye and teeth. The dental colleges have agreed to do work free for all pupils who present the proper credentials.

SPECIALISTS' WORK FREE.

Several specialists on eye diseases have agreed to make medical examinations free of charge for all pupils whose parents are not able to consult oculists of recognized standing.

"Remember," said Dr. Wheeler, "that you are not to make an examination unless in the presence of the teacher or principal. No pupil is to be vaccinated unless with permission of the parents. The office of medical examiner is not to be used as a means to solicit personal business."

Dr. Wheeler has spent more than a year studying the systems in use in other cities of the country. He not only has the advantage of the ideas of other cities, but also his personal experience for several years in Kansas City. By the end of the year he hopes to see the high schools in the list.

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November 2, 1909

TWELVE DIE OF DIPHTHERIA.

Total Cases for October, 138; In-
crease of 83 Over Last Year.

During October there were 138 cases of diphtheria reported to the board of health. There were twelve deaths. For the same month a year ago there were but fifty-five cases of the disease reported.

"I didn't know know that there was such an epidemic," said Dr. W. S. Wheeler, sanitary superintendent, when his attention was called to the October record. "Unfortunately the ordinances are weak for a proper control of infectious diseases. Parents in most cases are very careless. They insist on sending their children to school when they complain of being ill. The child who complains of a sore throat may have diphtheria. In this way the infection is spread.

"I hope that when the hospital and health board meets Wednesday it will give me authority to start in on the contemplated inspection of public schools. In this way we will be able to detect contagious diseases among children. The council tonight transferred $5,000 to the health and hospital board for this purpose. It will be money well spent."

Scarlet fever also is rampant among children. The health authorities learned of sixty-five cases during October, against forty-five for the same month in 1908.

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August 25, 1909

INCINERATING PLANT
THE ONLY SOLUTION.

Safe and Sanitary Way to
Dispose of Garbage.

"The time is at hand for this city to face the garbage problem and to face it in a safe and sanitary sort of way. In my opinion the proper solution lies not only in the collection of all refuse, but also in its final destruction. the city should be provided with an incinerating plant; indeed, it is now so large since the borders have been increased that we should have two such plants."

Dr. W. S. Wheeler, health commissioner, made this suggestion in the first annual report, which he read before the hospital and health board yesterday afternoon.

In discussing this subject Dr. Wheeler tells the board that J. I. Boyer contracted last December to remove garbage three times a day during the months between May and October and twice a day during the other months. The garbage was to be removed away from the city.

"Up to this date," the report states, "Mr. Boyer has not in any particular fulfilled his contract with the city, and, with his present equipment, he will not be able to do so. further, Mr. Boyer has had implicit instructions from your health commissioner that the government officials had warned our department that no more garbage should be dumped into the Missouri river, but Mr. Boyer has, purposely or otherwise, not heeded our protestations in this respect."

"PEST HOUSE FOR DISEASES."

Dr. Wheeler speaks of the workhouse as a "veritable pest house for all kinds of diseases." He blames the construction of the place for the unsanitary condition, and says "unfortunates are packed in cells like rats in holes." He suggests that the place be enlarged so that more cell room may be had, that sewer connections be made with each cell and that two wards be built where the attending physician may see that sick prisoners get humane treatment.

The commissioner next takes up the spit nuisance, tells of the ordinance passed concerning spitting in street cars, and says that education has done much to abate the nuisance.

In a long dissertation on "the house fly," he speaks of the diseases that are carried into homes by this insect. It is his opinion that typhoid fever and many intestinal troubles are spread by the fly.

He recommends the destruction of open vaults and that sewage should not be allowed to empty into adjacent streams, but should be destroyed completely. To keep the city in better condition he recommends more inspectors and a system by which tab may be kept on them to see that they work.

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March 2, 1909

IF THE DOCTORS CAN AGREE.

Smallpox Quarantine at Liberty, Mo.,
Will Be Raised.

There is a disagreement among the doctors of Liberty, Mo., over whether the smallpox quarantine should be raised. It was a very mild form of smallpox in the first place. To settle the dispute, Dr. W. S. Wheeler of the health and hospital board, who has had a great deal of experience with contagious diseases, was asked to come to Liberty and give his opinion. Dr. Wheeler will leave for Liberty this morning.

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February 20, 1909

NEW GARBAGE WAGONS HERE.

Public Display Made of First Install-
ment of Twelve.

"H. & H. B."

Twelve newly painted red wagons, bearing the foregoing inscription and driven by men dressed in white canvas clothes, attracted more than ordinary attention as they paraded through the street yesterday afternoon. Many guesses were made as to the meaning of the "H. & H. B.," but those who guessed that it meant "Hospital and Health Board" had it right. It was a parade of the first installment of about forty new wagons which will collect the garbage of the city. J. I. Boyer, the contractor, had charge of the wagons and, therefore, was the marshal of the day, the man who wears a red sash and rides a skittish horse. Mr. Boyer rode a red wagon yesterday, however.

Each wagon is equipped with a tank made of boiler steel in which there are no rivets and no chance for leakage. As fast as a wagon is loaded it will be driven to a spur track on the Belt Line railway, where the tank will be transferred to a waiting car and an empty tank put on the wagon in its place. The garbage is then hauled eight miles into the country. Each tank is thoroughly scalded before it is returned to the city, scalded before it is returned to the city.

"Garbage will be collected in the downtown district before 8 o'clock each morning, winter and summer," said Mr. Boyer yesterday. "In the residence districts there will be three collections a week in summer and two in winter." At present Mr. Boyer has been compelled to use some of the old-style wagons, but he is placing the new ones in commission as fast as possible. They are new in every respect. The steel tanks are built so that there can be no dropping of garbage along the way, and there are trap doors to keep the odor from escaping.

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February 18, 1909

HOMEOPATHS ARE BARRED.

Are Not Allowed Priveleges of Gen-
eral Hospital Clinics.

Denying recent published statements connecting homeopathic physicians and members of the faculty of the Hehnemann School of Medicine at Tenth street and Troost avenue with the general hospital investigation, Dr. William E. Cramer, dean of the college and chairman of the local association of homeopathic physicians, declared yesterday that they had no part in the general hospital controversy. Both the college and the local association deny positively any connection with the specific charges brought by members of the Modern Woodmen.

Dr. Cramer said yesterday: "We have nothing whatever to do with the charges brought from other sources against the general hospital staff or the individual physicians regularly employed there or connected with the institution.

Dr. Cramer declared that to Kansas City the courtesy of holding clinics in the public hospitals had been denied Homeopathists. He said:

"For twenty-one years we had the privileges of surgical clinics at the general hospital. Our students were permitted to witness these clinics, and paid the customary fee into the city treasury.

"However, since the new hospital and health board was appointed we have been denied these surgical clinics at the general hospital, although repeated attempts have been made to get them.
At the same time the courtesy is extended to the medical department of the University of Kansas at Rosedale. The Kansas students are allowed to come into Kansas City when we citizens and taxpayers are denied.

"There is not one Homeopathic interne or Homeopathic physician regularly employed int he institution."

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October 21, 1908

TO VACCINATE ALL
SCHOOL CHILDREN.

SWEEPING ORDER ISSUED BY
BOARD OF HEALTH.

NO ESCAPE FOR SCHOLARS.

CHILDREN WHO REFUSE MAY BE
BARRED FROM SCHOOL.

Board Will Also Ask Council to Pass
Ordinance Requiring Physi-
cians' Notice of All Con-
sumptive Patients.

Homes of consumptives, and the rooms in which they have lived are to be fumigated by the health and hospital board, if that body is successful in securing the passage of an ordinance by the city council to that effect. At its meeting yesterday afternoon in a new hospital building the board determined to request that physicians be made to report every case of consumption to the board of health before and after death. If the patients die from the disease or are moved to another place the board proposes to see that the home and rooms which were occupied by the consumptives are immediately disinfected. It is urged by the board that the council take prompt action upon the proposed measure.

The board yesterday decided to enforce the rule which makes it necessary for every pupil attending the public schools to undergo vaccination and medical inspection. This rule is to be enforced to the letter and should a child refuse to be vaccinated, or should the parents object to the vaccination, the board has the authority, according to most of its members, to exclude that child from the classroom.

Immediate co-operation of the board of education is sought by the health board and the matter will be presented to the former body at its next meeting. It has been almost taken for granted by the board of health that the measure will meet with hearty approval of the board of education, but whether or not such is the case, the rule will be enforced by the health department of the city which has been given the right by the new charter to use its own judgment in matters of such character.


HOW IT WILL BE DONE.

The matter of vaccination in the schools was put forth by Dr. W. S. Wheeler, who championed it strongly.

"It is an easy, wise and sane method to prevent the spread of much disease," he said. "All well regulated cities have such a preventive system and I have letters form boards of health in Chicago, Boston, Detroit and many others which tell of the expediency of the plan. The only opposition to be met in regard to the matter will be from the Christian Scientists. Their children must be treated as all the rest and they must undergo the vaccination.

"The board will arrange for certain physicians to take charge of schools in groups of four or five, and each will attend to all of the medical examinations in his group. Whenever a child goes to school with a bad cough, sore throat or weak eyes or any other physical ill, the principal of the school will be expected to report the same to the physician in charge. It is a fact that a weak child usually has a weak brain. Once in a long while a child is found whose body is very frail and mind very strong, but that is so seldom. If we make the children well they will make strong men and women of themselves. It looks like a duty of the board to the public and the board has so construed it."

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August 1, 1908

MUST NAME BABIES ON TIME.

Upper House Passes Ordinance Regu-
lating Reports of Births.

Hereafter, babies born in Kansas City will have to be named on time. Thirty days' grace will be given parents in which to find names for their offspring, and report the result of the caucus to the board of health. This provision is contained in an ordinance passed by the upper house last night, for the purpose of perfecting the records of the city. Up to now it has been necessary to record only the names of the parents of the children born here, with other data not containing the names of the new citizens. The consequence of this inadequate record has been that in after years, when it has been necessary for persons to obtain birth certificates to prove their citizenship, property rights or other facts, such proof has not been obtainable.

"The new ordinance," Alderman Isaac Taylor explained, "requires attending physicians to make out thier reports as of old, but also adds the requirement of parents giving him a name for the baby. If the name is not on the handle of the basket in which the stork carries the baby, then the father and mother have a month in which to get one. After that, if they do not report it, they will be fined."

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May 8, 1908

"LOSE ME," SAYS TEMPAFSKY.

Concluded Sanitary Inspection
Wasn't the Job He Wanted.

A half day at the city pie counter sufficed for Louis Tempafsky, who was appointed Wednesday by the board of health as a sanitary inspector. Louis reported for duty bright and early yesterday morning and adorned in all the regalia of his position of authority started out on his day's work of eight hours at $2.50 per day. Some hours later the telephone in the board of health office rang.

"This is Tempafsky," the clerk who answered the 'phone heard. "Lose me off the pay roll. I never was cut out for this job. You hear me, lose me; get another man."

That was the last seen, or heard, to be more accurate, of Tempafsky, and there is a vacancy in the ranks of the sanitary inspectors.

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February 27, 1908

CITY MILK INSPECTION.

It Has Forced the Dairies to Raise
Standard of Product Sold.

In discussing the work done by the department of food inspection of the board of health W. P. Cutler, the general inspector, yesterday said:

"In the last month we have secured over 500 sample of milk, every one of which prove to be up to standard in every respect as required by the city ordinances, in consequence it has been unnecessary for us to make any arrests. Kansas City is getting better milk, according to the ordinances, than ever before in its history. Milkmen who sell milk below the standard are invariably arrested. We get milk both from grocers and dairymen alike."

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February 23, 1907

DRAGS A DOCTOR
THROUGH STREETS.

INSANE WOMAN CAPATURES HER
WOULD-BE CAPTOR.

ESCAPES FROM A HOSPITAL.

SECURES A SURGEON'S KNIFE AND
MENACES INTERNES.

Even After Being Strapped to Her Bed
She Makes Her Escape For
The Second Time --
Finally Subdued.

Attendants at the emergency hospital have had lively times with insane people, but the most strenuous time so far was Friday night and yesterday morning with Mrs. Emma Lucas, a demented woman, en route from Los Angeles, Cal., to Toledo, O. The woman was acting suspiciously at the Grand Central depot, Second and Wyandotte streets, and was taken to Central station late Friday night for investigation. When it was seen that she was demented she was transferred to the emercency hospital.

Mrs. Lucas, who is 27 years old, is a large woman and strong. She was confined in the women's ward but in a short while some one discovered her ponderous form climbing over the fence surrounding City Hall park. She had escaped through a window.

Dr. Ralph A. Shiras, who is not large, sallied forth in pursuit He overtook the big woman on Fifth near Delaware street and grabbed hold of her. The woman shook him off with ease and in turn grabbed the doctor. Dragging him along behind as she would a toy wagon she walked nearly to the Wyandotte street depot with the struggling doctor before aid in the form of two policemen who loomed up on the horizon. Emma was subdued and again landed in the women's ward.

Early yesterday morning Mrs. Shiras, who is night nurse at the emergency hospital, was busy attending a case and did not notice Mrs. Lucas. She had entered the operating room and, from a case, secured a large surgical knife. The woman was as sly as a fox, as all insane persons generally are, and in concealing the deadly weapon under her garments she went stealthily back to her ward. Her actions were noticed, however, by a patient and the alarm given.

Mrs. Lucas was made to give up the knife and she was then placed to bed and restraining straps put on her. To this she objected very much and was continually crying to be released. When her breakfast was served yesterday morning the insane woman used the knife sent up with the meal to cut her straps.

Once more the big woman made her escape by a window and was not seen until she was climbing over the fence of City Hall park. Across the street she fairly flew into a clothing store, where she demanded the use of a telephone to call for help, she said.

The stream of doctors, attendants and board of health attaches which followed the demented person would remind one strongly of a chase seen almost weekly in the kinodrome pictures at the Orpheum theater. She was corralled and returned, a restraining strap dangling from one of her feet.

In what was thought to be a lucid interval later Mrs. Lucas told Colonel J. C. Greenman, who looks after the insane for the police, that she had hidden a sum of money in the women's wash room at the Grand Central depot. Colonel Greenman searched for it but found nothing. Mrs. Lucas said that when she arrived here the money was in a stocking and that a woman passenger had advised her to take it out. She said she did so and hid it in the washroom.

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February 6, 1908

HE IS OFFICIAL VACCINATOR.

Dr. Frank A. Denslow Will Do This
Work for Board of Health.

At a meeting of the board of health yesterday it was decided that to be within the law it would be best to have no volunteer physicians in the city's vaccinating squad. One man, Dr. Frank A. Denslow, was appointed for that special work. Chief Clerk C. H. Cook will direct his movements.

Mr. Cook, with Victor Ringolsky, an inspector and an officer detailed by the chief will accompany Dr. Denslow on all of his tours. So many cases have been turning up within the last few days from "bunk" houses in the North End that several of them, from which cases have been taken, will be visited tonight.

"As soon as a case of smallpox arises in a house, be it public or private," said Mr. Cook, "the inmates of that house shall be vaccinated at once."

It is understood that if there is any refusal on the part of landlords to admit the vaccinating squad it has the power to immediately declare the building in quarantine and keep it so until all inmates are vaccinated and the premises thoroughly fumigated.

Eugene Benton, a negro who said he lived in the East Bottoms and worked in Armour's packing house, walked into the emergency hospital late last night and asked for "some medicine for a hurtin' in my neck." When examined it was discovered that Benton was suffering from smallpox. He was sent to St. George's hospital.

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February 1, 1908

PREVENT SMALLPOX SPREAD.

Seventy-Five Men at Salvation Army
Quarters Vaccinated.

Marshalled by C. H. Cook, chief clerk of the board of health, Drs. Paul Lux and H. A. Lane and R. A. Shiras went on another vacccinating tour last nigth. Only one place was visited on account of the inclement weather. That was the Salvation Army Citadel, at 1300 Walnut street, and it was selected on account of the fact that a virulent case of smallpox was discovered there yesterday morning.

Seventy-five men were found in the smoking room and sleeping apartments at the Citadel, and all were vaccinated. One old man said he would leave the city before he would "stand for the scratch." When Patrolman August Metsinger and Victor Ringolsky, an inspector started with him to the Walnut street station, however, he changed his mind quickly.

The number 13 played an important part with the man who had smallpox at the Citadel. The number of the building is 1300, the man had room 13, had been in the room 13 days and he "broke out" on Friday, January 31, which is 13 reversed. He was sent to the St. George hospital for treatment.

A man dressed like a prosperous mechanic appeared at the board of health late yesterday and asked to be examined. It was soon discovered that he was suffering from smallpox. He had arrived here on a Missouri Pacific train from Omaha, and was en route to Boston. He was at once transferred to St. George, Kansas City's smallpox hospital in the East Bottoms.

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January 30, 1908

MORE MEN ARE VACCINATED.

Health Officers Caught 157 in North
End Rooming Houses.

An impromptu vaccinating expedition was organized at the office of the board of health last night. Drs. H. A. Lane and George Dagg, Harry Heaton, a druggist; Victor Ringolsky, an inspector; and Charles H. Cook, chief clerk at the board of health, constituted the raiders.

The marauders paid their first visit to the Helping Hand annex at 308 Main street, where ninety-two men were cornered and successfully vaccinated. From there they made a rapid flank movement and succeeded in corralling sixty-five more "suspects" in 301 Main street. Patrolman Peter Campbell went along in blue and brass to represent the majesty of the law. One suspicious case was found at 308 Main street. The man is now isolated in the detention room at the emergency hospital until his case can be investigated.

Last Saturday night over 350 men were vaccinated in the North End rooming houses. It is the intention of Dr. Sanders to keep up this gait until every man in that section of the city has been rendered immune -- as far as possible. Few objected last night, and a poke in the ribs by Campbell helped them to make up their minds.

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March 18, 1907

MEASLES IS DYING OUT.

The Epidemic in Kansas City
Has Reached Its Zenith.

According to the board of health, the epidemic of measles which has been sweeping over the city for the past three weeks has reached its zenith, and the daily reports of physicians show a marked decrease in the number of cases.

"Measles have had their day in Kansas City," reported Charles Cook, record clerk in the health department, yesterday. "A week ago as high as ten and twelve new cases were reported daily, but these have dwindled down to two and three a day. From a conservative estimate, I should judge there has been 600 cases of measles reported in the last forty days, but it is my opinion this does not represent all the children that have been afflicted. Measles is an old-fashioned disease, and old-fashioned mothers think nothing of being the doctor themselves and never call in a representative of the medical profession. It is these cases we have no report of, but if these mothers who applied home remedies only knew they were violating the law in not reporting to the board of health, they would have been more considerate. There have been very few deaths from measles."

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March 18, 1907

WRIGHT MUST HAVE MONEY.

Before He Can Experiment on Cows
for Tuberculosis.

"Before tests can be made to determine the prevalence of tuberculosis in cows," said A. C. Wright, city milk inspector, yesterday, "it will be necesary for my department to have an appropriation with which to buy the baccilus with which to make experiments. I have no funds for such purposes. They will have to come through the board of health and if the board meets Monday I will make a request for an appropriation.

"For the past two or three days with Dr. Lloyd Champlain, veterinarian of the pure food commission, I have been making inspections of the hundreds of dairies within the limits of the city and we detected some very suspiciuos appearances among many cows. I am not prepared to say that this was caused by the presence of tuberculosis."

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March 2, 1907
HOSPITALS MUST HAVE PERMIT.

Judge Slover Upholds City Ordinance
--Notice of Appeal Given

Judge Slover in the criminal court yesterday sustained the action of the police court in imposing a fine of $50 upon Dr. E. O. Smith for conducting a hospital in the city without a permit from the board of health. Dr. Smith gave notice of an appeal to the supreme court and says he proposes to carry the litigation to the court of last resort.

The Smith case is of considerable interest to all members of the medical profession who are maintaining private hospitals. Dr. Smith opened a hospital on North Wabash avenue several moths ago. A protest was made by people living in the vicinity of the institution and the police ordered it closed. An application was made to the board of health for a permit by Dr. Smith, but it was refused. He continued to keep the hospital open and was finally arrested by the police. He then instituted injunction proceedings against Chief of Police Hayes and the members of the board of health, asking that the be restrained from further interfering with him and his business. He withdrew his application for an injunction before it came to a hearing and brought mandamus proceedings against the board of health to compel it to grant him a permit for the hospital. This was heard in Judge Seehorn's division of the circuit court and the writ denied.

Later, Dr. Smith was arrested a second time by the police and fiined $50, which Judge Slover says he must pay. The validity of the city ordinance under which the board of heaalth is given discretionary poower in the granting or refusal of permits was raised before Judge Slover, but he held the ordinance good. I. N. Kinley, who was representing Dr. Smith, says he will take the case to the supreme court and see if that tribunal will hold that the city council has the right to delegate legislative powers to the board of health.

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