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August 3, 1909

WOULD MAKE IT "VAN HORN."

Superintendent Greenwood Favors
Changing Name of Admiral Blvd.

To The Journal:

I most heartily indorse the suggestion of J. V. C. Karnes to change the name of Admiral boulevard to Van Horn road, and I hope it will be done without unnecessary delay.

Of all the men of large and unselfish views who worked unceasingly to make Kansas City more than a geographical expression on the map of the United States, no other did so much for so long a space of years as did this man, and every citizen who knows his public and private worth, would be gratified to see one of the principal thoroughfares of our city named for him as a just recognition of his services to this city and nation.

Were it left to the people who know Colonel Van Horn to decide the question, they by acclamation would erase the word Admiral wherever it is engraved and write in large letters Van Horn. The future historians will yet write his achievements in the books describing our city and state, but we should engrave his name on the street crossings so that the little children in the coming ages shall know that Kansas City, in its earliest history, had a citizen who was a great public benefactor, and that his name for honesty and fiar dealing stands unsullied in this community for more than fifty years.

Will not the proper step be taken to change the word Admiral to Van Horn?

Let it be done now!

J. M. GREENWOOD.

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June 19, 1909

GREENWOOD DOESN'T LIKE IT.

No Money, School Superintendent
Says, for New High School.

The idea of a new high school to be located in the northeast part of the city does not appeal favorably to Superintendent J. M. Greenwood. When asked concerning the suggestion yesterday afternoon, he said:

"In the first place, there is no money with which to build and equip such a school. I am not prepared to say now whether or not there would be sufficient patronage in that district to warrant such a school. As it is, Manual and Westport high schools are over-crowded, while Central has not an enrollment to its capacity."

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June 9, 1909

BRADY SAYS HE SHOT
IN DEFENSE OF HOME.

CLAIMS FLANAGAN TOOK AD-
VANTAGE OF WIFE.

Board of Education Draughtsman
Tells of Circumstances Which Led
to Killing -- Woman in the
Case Testifies.

Leon H. Brady, charged in the criminal court with murder for the second degree killing of Joseph E. Flanagan, went on the stand yesterday as a witness in his own behalf. The case will go to the jury today. Brady testified that he was 31 years old, had come to Kansas City at the age of 5, graduated from the public schools here and had taken a mining course in Columbia university, New York city; that afterwards he had worked for a copper mining company in Butte, Mont., had been engaged as engineer in a geological survey of Northern Montana and later had gone to Mexico to work in the Guggenheim smelters at Acientos and other places. He returned to Kansas City in April of last year and has since been a draughtsman for the board of education.

"When was the first time you heard of Flanagan pressing his attentions upon your wife?" he was asked.

"It was a couple of weeks before Flanagan was shot. My wife told me she could not go out of her room but that Flanagan was dodging around. I said to her:

" 'He hasn't said anything out of the way, has he? If he has, let me know. I can't call him down for standing around in the halls. That's only bad manners.' "

"When was the next time your wife complained?"

WARNED BY TELEPHONE.

"The Sunday preceding the shooting I was called from dinner to the telephone. A voice, which said it was Flanagan's, asked me if I wanted to take a walk that afternoon. I said I was going to my father's. After I had been at his home a time with my baby, a woman called me by telephone and said: 'You'd better come home and see what's doing.' "

Brady said that as soon as he returned to the Angelus boarding house at 1014 East Fifteenth street, where he lived at that time, he found Flanagan had appeared there almost as soon as he had departed. This was three days before the killing, which occurred Wednesday, March 24.

On Monday, said Brady, he asked his wife to explain a statement that Flanagan had threatened her on Sunday, and she began to cry.

"I've been in torments for two months," she told him.

She then told the husband, according to his story, that Flanagan had mistreated her twice, and had threatened her if she did not keep still. She said she had been afraid to tell before that time.

The next evening Brady met Flanagan at Twelfth street and Troost avenue. They walked down town and back to the Paseo before separating at Fifteenth street and Troost avenue. Brady was armed. Mrs. Brady was not mentioned.

"Why didn't you ask Flanagan to explain?" he was asked.

"I wanted to. My idea was to get at the thing somehow. I did not want to shoot him down in the street, but I did not know how to bring up the subject."

Tuesday evening the men went walking together again. They talked about revolvers, but not of Mrs. Brady.

"I thought I might see some way out of it all without a scandal or a tragedy," said the witness.

Telling of the events leading up to the shooting and of the happening itself, Brady said:

"When I came home Wednesday noon for lunch, Flanagan, who had moved away from the Angelus for a month, was back again. We talked. Mrs. Brady was ill and I took her lunch upstairs to her. I told my wife Flanagan was back. Then I went on to my work, two blocks away.

"But I could not work. As I had passed out of the house I had seen Flanagan sitting in the parlor, grinning at me sarcastically, as I believed. I went back to the house and up the rear stairs to our room. I asked Mrs. Brady whether she had been bothered, referring to Flanagan, and she said no. For fifteen minutes I remained, playing with the baby. I had put the revolver I carried on the dresser.

WENT WILD WITH RAGE.

"Presently Mrs. Brady said she was going downstairs. Almost immediately after the door had closed behind her I heard her cough. The thought flashed through my mind that Flanagan must be there. I jumped up and grabbed the revolver as I heard my wife say, 'No! No! No!'

"When I jerked the door open I saw my wife with her back to the door. Flanagan had hold of her shoulders and she had her hands up as if to push him away. I went wild with rage and turned loose on him with the gun at once. I suppose before he could have let go of her.

"At the first shot Flanagan fell. He started to get up, and I fired three times more. Then he ran to his room. He was running, and I thought he might get a gun, so I reloaded the revolver.

"Did you say to Mrs. Brady, 'If I didn't kill him I'm going to?' "

"I don't remember saying that."

Mrs. Belle L. Bowman, owner of the boarding house, had previously testified that she heard Brady use such words.

On cross-examination Brady said his wife did not call for him, but only said, "No, no, no."

Mrs. Mary Rosanna Brady, whose story to her husband caused the killing, preceded her husband on the stand. During the morning session of court she had been excluded from the room on account of being a witness. As soon as she had testified, she went to the prosecutor's office and remained there until the evening adjourment was taken.

TOLD OF BRADY INDIGNITIES.

Only once while she was on the witness stand did Mrs. Brady cry. That was when she told of the killing.

"I was born in Fort Madison, Ia.," said Mrs. Brady, "and in 1903 went to Mexico with my parents. July 4, 1905, I met Mr. Brady, and September 29 of the next year we were married. We have a boy 22 months old.

"I first met Flanagan in October, 1908, when I came to Kansas City. We grew to have a speaking acquaintance in the latter part of December. It was not until the Monday before the tragedy that I told Mr. Brady of the indignities Flanagan had heaped upon me. I have suffered from asthma since I was 3 years old. If it an unusually severe attack, morphine has to be administered. This leaves me in a helpless condition.

"About two weeks before the shooting I told Mr. Brady that Flanagan was spying on me. On the Monday afternoon I mentioned I told him that, on January 11, Flanagan had come to my room and taken advantage of me while I was helpless from drugs. He came into the room and took the baby while the doctor was there. As soon as the doctor had gone he took me into his room. I resisted and he said I would be foolish to tell Mr. Brady, as it would only make trouble. On February 27, he did the same thing."

The witness said that on the Sunday preceding the killing, while Brady was visiting his father, Flanagan had come to her room and had asked if everybody was gone and if she was expecting anybody. She said she had closed the door in his face. He told her, she said, that he "would do her dirt" and that he put his hand to his pocket.

CALLED HER A "BLUFFER."

"On Tuesday he came to the room again and said, 'Did you tell Brady anything?'

"I said 'yes,' and he said: 'You are a great bluffer. I was out walking with Brady last night and your name was not mentioned.' "

Relating the details of the shooting, Mrs. Brady said:

"It happened in front of my door. About 1:20 o'clock that afternoon Mr. Brady returned home. I told him I was going to the bathroom, and went out. I still had hold of the doorknob when I met Flanagan. He bade me the time of day and said: 'Won't you invite me in?'

"I said: 'Of course not. We are no longer friends.'

"He said: 'I want your friendship even if you no longer want mine.'

"I asked him why, and he said, taking hold of me in spite of my efforts to tear away: 'Because I love you. I'm jealous of you. I want you all to myself.'

"Then," said the witness, "Mr. Brady opened the door." She wept violently for a moment.

"As the door was opened," resumed Mrs. Brady, "he let go and I fell back against a trunk that was standing in the hall. Mr. Brady shot as soon as the door was open. I think he shot four times. Then I went downstairs with him and the baby, and telephoned for his sister. Then they took him away."

On cross-examination the attention of Mrs. Brady was called to discrepancies between her testimony on the stand and the statements she made to the prosecuting attorney soon after the shooting. She said was excited when she made the statement. On the witness stand she said that her friendship for Flanagan ceased after he had mistreated her. In her statement she had said they continued on friendly terms. She said also that she was in possession of her faculties at the time of the attack January 11, and that she could scream. Flanagan did not carry her into his room, she said. She remembered being there fifteen minutes and that the door was locked.

NOT A WOMAN IN COURT ROOM.

Also, she said she and her husband had discussed Flanagan before the shooting on the same afternoon, but later modified her statement.

W. S. Gabriel, assistant prosecuting attorney, who with Ruby D. Garrett, is conducting the prosecution, produced a note signed "Mary," and asked the witness if she had written it to Flanagan. She said the note was not written by her.

Mrs. Brady told her story with her face to the jury. She seemed hardly conscious of the presence of her husband, for she glanced in his direction but seldom. There was not a woman in the courtroom to hear her story and and hardly two rows were filled by spectators. She told her story without emotion. Mrs. Brady wore a white waist, a gray walking skirt and a small black hat trimmed in red. Her heavy veil was lifted when she testified.

Among other witnesses for the defense called during the afternoon was Dr. William T. Singleton, who treated Mrs. Brady January 11 and February 27 for asthma by giving her a hypodermic injection of morphine and atrophine. He said the drugs were sedatives, but would not necessarily effect the use of the vocal organs.

Joseph L. Norman, secretary of the board of education, and J. M. Greenwood, superintendent of schools, both old friends of the Brady family testified to the defendant's good character.

SAYS HE WAS LURED INTO TRAP.

The state rested its case at noon. According to the opening statement by Mr. Gabriel, it had proposed to show that Flanagan had been lured into a trap.

Among the state's witnesses were: Dr. Ralph E. Shiras, surgeon of the emergency hospital staff; Dr. James Moran and Dr. J. Park Neal of the general hospital, and G. E. Marsh and W. T. Latcham, patrolmen. Dr. Moran was present when Mr. Garret took Flanagan's dying statement, in which he declared himself innocent of wrongdoing. Only that part of the statement in which Flanagan said Brady shot him without saying a word was permitted to go to the jury. The wounded man died at the general hospital a few hours after the shooting. Every bullet took effect.

The state's chief witness was Mrs. Bowman, who conducts the boarding house. She said Flanagan and Mrs. Brady were frequently alone on the third floor of the house, where both had rooms, but that Flanagan did not seem to be there more when Brady was gone then at other times.

It was Mrs. Bowman who said that Flanagan tried to descend the stairs after he was shot. The witness said she heard Brady say: "Let him come. If I haven't killed him I will."

SHOT IN DEFENSE OF HOME.

The witness said that Mrs. Brady, when under the influence of opiates, was at times almost unconscious.

Gen. Milton Moore opened the afternoon session by briefly outlining the defense. His main argument was that Brady shot in defense of his home.

Statements by both state and prosecution led to the belief that the arguments summing up the testimony will be brief and will consume less than two hours. This will not be because of limitation by the court, for Judge Ralph S. Latshaw, before whom the case is being tried, seldom limits murder trial arguments.

The jury with which Brady's fate will rest is made up of the following: James A. Wood, 4315 Main street; C. C. Wagoner, 3202 Gillham road; J. J. Ronham, 2852 East Seventh street; William H. Hand, 1229 Cherry street; Michael Bresnahan, 1831 Oak street; E. E. Esslinger, 3902 Belleview avenue; Charles J. Lewis, Mt. Washington; F. O. Hartung, 3006 Garfield avenue; J. B. Ralph, 3513 St. John avenue; Alfred Simpson, Independence avenue; Jesse Robertson, 6216 Peery avenue; D. J. Biser, 1933 Montgall avenue.

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April 2, 1909

SCHOOL ENROLLMENT GROWS.

Gain of 427 pupils Reported by
Superintendent Greenwood.

According to figures given out last night by Superintendent J. M. Greenwood to the board of education, the enrollment of the public schools this year is greater than for the same period in 1908. For the first twenty weeks of school last year there were 31,573 pupils enrolled, and for the corresponding period this year the enrollment has reached 32,000, being a gain of 427 pupils.

It is Superintendent Greenwood's opinion that the end of the term in June will see a total enrollment of over 34,000 pupils, as against 33,198, which was the total enrollment for the last half of the term in 1908.

It was decided by the board of education last night to establish a teacher's training class at Central high school. This class will be formed at the beginning of the next school year and will be a regular course of the school. Definite plans for the course have not been made.

A steel engraving of Daniel S. Twitchell has been given to the board of education by Mrs. Twitchell. The engraving will be hung in the board's chambers at the public library.

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December 19, 1908

SPALDING'S 43 YEARS OLD.

Commercial College Celebrates Its
Long Period of Success Here.

In the presence of an audience of over 600, exercises were held at the auditorium of Spalding's Business college last night commemorating its forty-third anniversary. This institution was started in 1865 by James F. Spalding. A small room at Second and Main streets was sufficiently large for the seven pupils he then had. One of these, Bernard L. Ganz, is still living. Since that time, over 23,000 young people have entered the college, of whom more than 4,000 are in business or in positions in Kansas City.

In introducing the programme last night, Mr. Spalding, still president of that college, said: "I am very glad to state that the present school year is prosperous; that the attendance is larger than ever before. I am equally as happy to say that many new additions and valuable improvements have been made to the course of study in order to more fully meet the ever increasing and exacting demands of the business world, and thus put our graduates in better condition to cope with them. The grade of our scholarship has been advanced. The demand for our graduates is often far in excess of the supply, yet we deem it necessary to fully equip a student for any emergency before sending him or her out. Another note of gratification to me is that in the college now are many students whose parents before them attended the Spalding school."

A most excellent musical programme and an address by Professor J. M. Greenwood constituted the set programme. In the musical numbers were piano solos by Miss Adeline Nentwig and Miss Clara Blakeslee; vocal solo by Miss Hazel Kirk, with violin obligato by Dale Hartmann; cornet solo by Walter M. Eby, and violin solo by Miss Phebe Brooks. Besides these, there were readings by Miss Maude Edris Speer and Everett Elliott.

As souvenirs of the occasion the college distributed booklets containing half tone views of the school, also fifty-two views of the prominent buildings and places of the city. An edition of 50,000 of these booklets has been printed in the college's own printing office.

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December 13, 1908

ESTABLISHED 43 YEARS.

Spalding's Commercial College to
Celebrate Friday Night.

Founded in the year of the close of the war between the states, Spalding's Commercial college will observe its forty-third anniversary December 18, on the night of which the literary society of the institution will give an appropriate programme at the Spalding auditorium, Tenth and Oak streets. James F. Spalding, one of the pioneer commercial educators of Missouri, is still at the head of the institution, of which he is the founder.

The Spalding Commercial College Literary Society was organized a year after the beginning of the school, and the work which it has carried on has been of much benefit to its members, as that of the institution has been invaluable to its graduates.

Those who will take part in the anniversary programme are: Miss Adeline Nentwig, Miss Phoebe Brooks, Miss Clara Blakeslee, Miss Hazel Kirk, Mrs. Jennie Schultz, Miss Maude Edris Speer, Dale Hartmann, Professor J. M. Greenwood, Walter M. Eby, Harold Nagle and Everett Elliott.

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December 4, 1908

UNCLE SAM WANTS TO KNOW.

How Old Every School Boy and Girl
in the Country Is.

According to the instruction of the United States educational commissioner, the age of every pupil in the different grades of the Kansas City public schools, who attended school yesterday, was tabulated. Blanks were sent to all of the schools Monday, but there was no word of explanation accompanying them and many teachers filled them out without knowing why they were doing it. Pupils were urged to come to school, rain or shine, December 3. They came bright and early. Most of them out of sheer curiosity, but their teachers had nothing to tell them.

"Just wanted to know our ages," said the youngsters, in disgust.

A similar table is being prepared in every city and town in the United States.

Superintendent Greenwood received a letter from the United States immigration bureau asking for a compilation of statistics as to the nationality of the parents of the Kansas City school children.

"That's a more difficult thing to get at than the request of the educational commissioner," said Superintendent Greenwood, "and we haven't decided whether or not we will undertake it."

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November 22, 1908

WHEN GREENWOOD
GREW BIG SQUASHES.

HE DESERTED THE FARM TO
TEACH SCHOOL.

It Was Then That He Bid Farewell
to Fame and Name as
the Great "Squash
King."

The opportunities for a truck gardener to become immensely wealthy are more numerous than in any other line of business. This fact was clearly demonstrated yesterday afternoon at the Coates house, where members of the Missouri Valley Horticultural Society devoted their time to an explanation of nature and her wonderful productions.

"There are men in this city today who would be wealthy had they devoted their time and energy to a cultivation of the soil instead of following business careers," said one of the members.

"Professor J. M. Greenwood, superintendent of the public schools, would have undoubtedly become famous as the "squash king," had he persisted in his experiments with squash.. The professor did not deign to waste his time with the ordinary brand of squash known to the general public. His squashes were full grown."

There was a dreamy, far away expression in the professor's eyes yesterday, as he told of seven squash seeds, planted in earth, which had been dug from a well and which produced a sufficient number of squashes to supply the wants of the entire surrounding country. These squashes, according to Professor Greenwood, ranged in size from sixty pounds to the size of a large washtub.

But it must not be supposed that Professor Greenwood was permitted to carry off the honors of the occasion without a contest. As a matter of fact there was a strong faction among those present, who still insist that the squash story was surpassed by the feat of Major Frank Holsinger, who upon one occasion, neglected to prune his grape vines. Thinking they had been destroyed by the severe cold, they were permitted to remain as they were. Behold his surprise, then, as the grape season approached to observe his grape vines loaded with fruit. The fact that Major Holsinger placed a chair under one vine and picked a bushel of grapes without moving the chair, is ample evidence of his success as a grower of grapes.

Although there was some discussion as to the nature study in the schools and the advisability of teaching the children more of plant and insect life, it could be plainly seen that the minds of the majority of those present were busily engaged in mathematical computation as the money to be made on a ten-acre tract of land if the soil be devoted to grapes and squashes

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October 29, 1908

NEED NOT FEAR
VACCINE POINTS.

CHILDREN NEEDN'T SUBMIT UN-
LESS THEY WANT TO.

GREENWOOD GETS
HIS ORDERS.

MUST NOT THREATEN PUPILS
WITH EXPULSION.

If Parents Want Them Vaccinated,
Well and Good; If Not, That
Ends It -- To Begin
Today.

There will be no wholesale vaccination of children at the Woodland school this morning. That is, there will not be if parents express the desire that their children be passed by when the surgeon makes his rounds this morning with his vacine point. Neither will these children who thus escape this raid be excluded from the schools.

It appeared yesterday afternoon that every child in the Woodland school would be forced to undergot his ordeal this morning as a physician has been appointed ot the task, by the health board. This physician undoubtedly will be busy, for there are parents who welcome the opportunity of having their children vaccinated without expense to themselves, but those parents who have been worrying lest their children be subjected to the vaccine point may rest assured that they will be allowed to continue in school, and without protest. They will not be excluded. Neither will they be threatened with expulsion.

Joseph L. Norman, president of the board of education, said last night that while no official action had been taken by the board, he had warned Superintendent J. M. Greenwood no later than last night that children whose parents objected to tehir being vaccinated should not be threatened with expulsion.

"The board will not meet until next month, and there can be no official action until that time, either way," Mr. Norman said. "But there need be no fear on the part of parents that their children will be kept out of the schools. That is out of the question. They will be allowed to continue their studies whether they are vaccinated or not."

Many North End children, doubtless sent by parents aroused to the point of believing a plague is imminent by the vaccination discussion, visited the city physician's office yesterday and asked to be vaccinated. They were splendidly attended to, and most of them looked upon the little patch of scratches on their arms as real red badges of courage.

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September 16, 1908

HIGH SCHOOL BOYS
SEARCH FOR SNAPS.

FLUNKERS MAKE THE ROUNDS
OF EASY TEACHERS.

Principals Want Something Done to
Make the Enrollment Stationary.
Must Plan Uniform Sys-
tem of Working.

With three large high schools from which to choose a course of study, the Kansas City boys who go to high school for the fun that there is in it, are working a little scheme that will sooner or later be nipped in the bud by the school principals or superintendents. These boys are making the rounds of the schools hunting for the "soft snaps" in the way of simple subjects and "easy" teachers. Those who were considered failures at the Manual Training high school last year and who thought that faculty had it in for them because the teachers objected to loafing, are registered at the Westport high or at the Central school. Failures from Central used to go to Manual and Manual failures went to Central. Now there are three faculties to work and the transferring scheme is in full swing.

"Boys of high school age are pretty smart fellows," Superintendent J. M. Greenwood said yesterday, "and they know how and where to work their schemes for easy study. Many of them have made the rounds of the high schools, looking over the ground. In a large high school it takes a year for them to be found out. And when they are discovered they move on. We have three large high schools now, and that means three years of easy times to them."

Superintendent Greenwood believes that the time is coming when the city will have to be districted as to manual training high schools and that this year something may have to be done in the transferring of teachers. Westport high school has a faculty of only forty-three teachers while the Manual Training high school has more than seventy. The Central high school, being purely academic, will won't be taken into account.

Even the principals are beginning to feel that something will have to be done to make the schools stationary as to enrollment. Principal E. D. Phillips of the Manual Training high school said yesterday that the present system of allowing pupils to attend any school they please will place the principals in embarrassing positions. If a principal prepares for 1,400 or 1,500 students and the enrollment falls short, it means that his teaching force, for the sake of economy, must be curtailed. On the other hand if he prepares for a small number of pupils and 1,400 or more enroll he will need extra teachers when it is too late to obtain them.

"The whole trouble," says Superintendent Greenwood, "is that the high schools are working too independently of each other and this winter the superintendents are going to get together and plan a uniform system of working and a uniform course of study."

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September 13, 1908

SCHOOL TERM OPENS
TOMORROW MORNING

ENROLLMENT WILL BE HEAVIER
THAN EVER BEFORE.

Girls, as Always, Outnumber Boys,
in the Three High Schools.
Teachers Receive Their
Orders.

School opens tomorrow in all the public institutions. In the parochial districts the pupils have had a week of it already.

Since last Wednesday enrollments have been received at the various high schools, and the number of students is larger than ever before in the history of the city. Manual high school probably will have the greatest number of students. Up to noon yesterday when the enrollment for the week stopped, 1,334 students had been admitted, and it is thought many others will be taken in before the end of this week.

The Westport high school follows second with an enrollment of 1,290, while Central has but 1,110. Both schools are likely to increase their scholarship after former students have returned from their vacations.

With the public schools there is no definite way to determine the attendance because of children not being enrolled until after they make application on the first day of school. It is certain that the attendance will be considerably in excess of last, or any previous year in the history of the city.

Yesterday morning in the auditorium of Central high school the first teacher's institute of the season was held, during the course of which Superintendent J. M. Greenwood delivered his instructions for the ensuing year. All of the various schools held special institutes yesterday afternoon in which additional instructions were delivered by their respective principals.

Westport high will be prepared for the reception of its students tomorrow although there are several rooms yet incomplete. During the whole of yesterday prospective students and their friends visited the new Westport building, all of whom marveled at its vastness, completeness and beauty. The various class rooms are finished in the latest improved style, such as oak desks and chairs, slate backgrounds, etc., while the gymnasium with its complete apparatus was the cource of much comment from all.

Central has, during the course of the summer, undergone repairs and alterations which will make it one of the best school buildings in the city. The old building has been replastered, while several rooms of the later structure have been improved. The enrollment, although at this time it does not equal that of either of the other high schools, is expected to exceed both before the names cease to come in.

In all high schools the girls are in the majority.

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August 9, 1908

WHY THE TEXTBOOKS
WERE CHANGED AGAIN.

PRINCIPALS DECLARE THEY
WERE OUT OF DATE.

Thousands of Pupils Must Pay 13
Cents Extra for the New Al-
gebra -- Other Books
Changed, Too.

Some objection has been raised concerning the change in textbooks which are to be used in the high schools of Kansas City this fall. The change was recommended by the principals of the different high schools, and Superintendent J. M. Greenwood, and then passed upon by the board of education. When asked why the changes were made, Greenwood explained that in every case the textbook dropped has been found unsatisfactory.

"The Milne algebra which has been in use in the high schools here for over ten years was found to be inadequate and not up to date. The change in that book will cost the pupil 13 cents each, and the benefit derived from the change ill be more than 13 cents' worth," said he.

"The physic which has been in use is too hard and complex for the high school student, and it has lately come out in more than one edition, which serves to cause confusion among the pupils who are studying that subject. With the exception of the change in the Latin book, physics and others except the algebra do not exceed the prices of the books which have been in use."

Superintendent Greenwood and Professor G. B. Longan denied emphatically that the book trust had anything to do with the change in textbooks. Superintendent Greenwood was asked if the high schools or ward schools did not change one or more of their textbooks each year. To that question he replied that such was not the case.

"No book of any importance has been changed in our ward schools for years and years," he said. "We consider the books in use in those schools to be adequate for their work. The books of the high schools have been changed oftener and more recently than any of those in the ward schools, but the subjects studied are more advanced and new phases of the subjects are being uncovered. New books must be had to keep pace with the times. At any rate, no pupil is disbarred from the schools because he cannot purchase books. The public schools of Kansas City furnish books free those who are unable to purchase them. Of course the board must know that the pupil cannot afford to buy his books and the matter is closely investigated to prevent graft.

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March 5, 1908

TRACK MEET FOR CHILDREN.

Will Be Held in Convention Hall
Some Time in May.
A track meet to be held in Convention hall some time in May, in which the school children of Kansas City will participate, is now proposed for the benefit of the Public Play Grounds Association. The principals of sixteen of the Kansas City ward schools, accompanied by Superintendent J. M. Greenwood and Dr. Fred Berger, physical director of the public school, met at Convention hall at 4:30 o'clock yesterday afternoon in conjunction with a committee of the play grounds association and discussed the feasibility of the plan.

Superintendent Greenwood was heartily in favor of the plan, and it was upon his suggestion that a committee of the principals will be named to work in conjunction with a committee of the play grounds association. Superintendent Greenwood will name a committee of five today or tomorrow.

The plan is to have the children of the public schools from the fifth to the seventh grades compete in this meet All kinds of races will be run, including the relay and the medicine ball. A similar plan has been successfully carried out in New York and Buffalo, and Martin Delaney, physical director at the Kansas City Athletic Club, believes that it may be just as successful here. One of the women principals who attended the meeting yesterday afternoon suggested that the girls should not be left out of the meet, and it is probable that they will be included in athletic sports of some kind. Prizes will be awarded in all the events, and in this manner it is believed that the considerable rivalry may be worked up between the various schools.

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February 7, 1907

WANTS ITS POWERS DEFINED.

Supt. Greenwood Says There Are Too
Many Hazy Ideas of School Board.

Urging upon the school board in his semi-annual report the necessity of printing a manual setting forth just what the powers of the board are, "and by inference what lies entirely outside its scope of activity," J. M. Greenwood, superintendent of the schools, believes that the need of such a pamphlet has become urgent in order to "clear up the many hazy ideas that are floating around in some minds, especially of those who happen to light in here to deliver a lecture, and incidentally to tell the citizens what they ought to do, right away.

"I do not greatly fear that we are reaching that danger stage in republican government so guardedly pointed out by a disgruntled foreigner, namely, when everyone would become a lawmaker, none would be left as law obeyers," says Mr. Greenwood. "Yet, there are surface symptoms pointing in that direction.

"There is hardly a day passes when I am not called upon to answer of the board of education to do certain things which are positively prohibited by statuatory law, or by the constitution of the state."

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October 3, 1907

FREE FRANKFURTERS, BOYS.

To Be Served With Speeches at Open-
ing of the Boys' Club.

All boys who like Red Hot Coney Island Frankfurters are invited to the grand opening of the Kansas City Boys' Club, Eighteenth street and College avenue, tomorrow night. Admission will be free to any boy in Kansas City, but a ticket must be secured from one of the boys who is a member of the club.


The library and game rooms will be thrown open for use Friday night. There will be speeches by Mayor H. M. Beardsley, the Rev. Daniel McGurk, Professor J. M. Greenwood and other friends of the boys.

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September 14, 1907

THINKS ESTIMATE TOO HIGH.

Mr. Greenwood Says Only 15 Per Cent
of Children are "Defective."

Superintendent J. M. Greenwood, of the Kansas City schools, vigorously challenges the estimate of Assistant City Physician Eugene Carbaugh that 67 per cent of the pupils in the Kansas City schools have their faculties impaired or are afflicted with disease of any kind. He thinks the estimate should be divided by 4.

"I do not believe that there are more than 15 per cent of the pupils in the schools who have anything at all the matter with them," said Mr. Greenwood yesterday. "This would cover all the ailments, impairment of vision, sore throat and disease of every sort. As to what we call 'defectives,' or those mentally deficient, there are only a very few. But Dr. Carbaugh's estimate included all manner of ailments, bad teeth, sore throat and the numerous troubles of children. Even then his figures are entirely too high. The records which we have kept for many years bear out my figures and utterly refute the estimate of Dr. Carbaugh. He must have got into a particularly afflicted district, if his estimate was based on experience and is not a mere generalization."

Mr. Greenwood sent out requests to all teachers for a report of the number in each room suffering from sickness, disability or any trouble whatever that would be classed as a defect, impairment of faculties or ailment.

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